Ambidextrous leadership and its impact on organizational ambidexterity: exploratory study in general company for ports of iraq

Ambidextrous leadership and its impact on organizational ambidexterity: exploratory study in general company for ports of iraq


The current study aims to determine the extent of using ambidextrous leadership in its dimensions: open leadership behaviors, closed leadership behaviors, and flexibility of switching in enhancing organizational ambidexterity in its dimensions: exploratory ambidexterity, investment ambidexterity, and structural ambidexterity, to identify the correlations and influence between the variables in the General Ports Company Iraq. The task of the study revolved around raising several research questions: How essential and clear are the diversities of his studies for the “General Company for Ports of Iraq” about the study? Does ambidextrous leadership have a role in enhancing organizational ambidexterity? Is there a relationship and impact between ambidextrous leadership and organizational ambidexterity in the company under study? The study was conducted by collecting data on the questionnaire as a primary tool for achieving the goals and personal interviews with some employees. A total of 325 questionnaires were distributed to determine the extent of the impact of brilliant leadership on organizational prowess, and 306 that were suitable for statistical analysis were recovered. Statistical methods, such as SPSS, were utilized to determine the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, response rate, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test for one sample mean, simple linear regression equation, and Cronbach’s Alpha test. The study showed that ambidextrous leadership affects all dimensions (open, closed, and change flexibility) of organizational ambidexterity activities. The most significant impact was the dimension of flexibility of shift on the organization in a direct positive manner, and that ambidextrous leadership in its three dimensions has a substantial relationship in achieving employees’ innovative performance. Also, the study recommended that the organization balance ambidexterity activities by working to open vertical and horizontal communication channels between employees and their managers to reach a state of general integration for all administrative units to seize internal and external opportunities and raise the organizational prowess to an excellent level specific leadership style, as it appeared that it applies the ambidextrous leadership style at an average level. It means that it does not practice this style. Not only are there other leadership styles unknown to the researcher that share the study style, but the study recommended considering the topic of leadership as a topic that impacts the organization’s progress. It must apply ambidextrous leadership in all its parts without neglecting any part to achieve significant benefit in its various joints and adopt Scientific approaches and methods to enhance ambidextrous leadership behaviors, specifically closed behaviors, in the researched company.

Muthanna Journal of Administrative and Economic Sciences, 2024,Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 103-117


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